The Norfolk Railway: Railway Mania in East Anglia 1834-1862
In the 1830s there were several projects to connect Norwich and Great Yarmouth to London and the Midlands by rail but only one, the Eastern Counties, made any progress and that inadequate, its finances exhausted on reaching Colchester. With many of England's trunk lines constructed or in an advanced stage of planning, East Anglia had by 1841 woken up at last to the likely consequences of remaining isolated from the rail system. Yet little money was forthcoming locally and reliance was placed on the capital of northern manufacturers, London financiers and the ambitious contractor Samuel Peto. Their interests did not always coincide with local needs.
The first result was the Yarmouth and Norwich Railway opened in 1844 soon followed by the Norwich & Brandon, the two companies merging to form the Norfolk Railway which, in uneasy alliance with the Eastern Counties Railway, achieved in 1845 a London connection via Ely and Cambridge. By then the railway mania was in full swing with no less than fourteen lines proposed for East Anglia that year and nineteen the year after. Meanwhile the Norfolk Railway fought fierce legislative battles to build connections southward and to cover Norfolk with its branch lines but generally faced defeat, building only a branch to Fakenham and another to Lowestoft where Peto was rebuilding the harbour. Even these commitments strained its resources beyond breaking point and in 1848 it surrendered its operations to the Eastern Counties while still owning the lines.
A triangular financial chess game developed in which the Norfolk and the Eastern Counties were joined by the Ipswich based Eastern Union, all competing for financial advantage despite being operated in supposed harmony. The situation was complicated by Peto's manoeuvres at Lowestoft where he promoted an independent railway to London and a steamship service connecting to railways he constructed in Denmark. It took fourteen years of inter-corporate strife before the situation could be finally resolved.
Softback, 244 pages, black & white photographs, maps
Most orders are dispatched within two-three working days of receipt of cleared payment. If there is going to be a significant delay (more than 10 working days), we will contact you and, where possible, give you an estimated dispatch time.
Please be aware that advance orders will be sent as soon as the relevant book has been published.
When placing your order, please ensure that you add the correct full shipping address to your order. This includes house number, street name, zip code/post code. If parcels are returned on account of an incorrect shipping address we will contact you to seek the correct address and also ask that you pay a contribution towards posting the parcel to you a second time. Similarly, if a parcel is returned to us because the local mail service is unable to deliver it (or you do not collect it from the designated collection point), we will contact you and ask you for a contribution towards the cost of shipping to you for a second time.
All orders over £20.00 are post free to all UK addresses. For orders of £20 or less, a £1.50 postage fee will be added. These are normally sent via Royal Mail 48 Hour (the business equivalent of 2nd class mail) which is not tracked. If you require tracking for your, tracking options are available for a small fee. If the service that you require is not shown, please get in touch with us and we can quote for your desired service.
Large, bulky or high value orders may be split in to multiple consignments or sent via courier. There is no additional charge for this and you will be advised at the order fulfillment stage if this happens.
Overseas orders are charged based on weight, and postage will be automatically calculated at checkout. For a postage quotation, please add the items you want to your cart and proceed to the checkout. All orders are usually sent via Air Mail - this is not tracked. If you required your order to be tracked or sent by a different service, please contact us, preferably before checkout.
Royal Mail will only accept parcels up to 5kg in weight (2kg for Canada). If you are ordering multiple items that exceed these limits, please contact us first so that we can advise you of the appropriate shipping rate.
Due to the high volume of parcels going missing, we are no longer able to send untracked orders via third party mail handling services such as Parcel Motel. We are able to send untracked parcels to bona fide PO Box addresses, friends and family members and to work addresses.
Some countries charge import taxes and other taxes such as VAT; we suggest that in these cases, you asked for your order to be tracked so the local taxation authorities can trace your parcel.
Please note that courier services are unable to deliver to PO Box addresses. If you usually use a PO Box address, you will need to supply an alternative address if you require shipping by courier.
Shipping to the European Union
From 1 July 2021, all EU countries will be imposing VAT on all imports. In the UK, books are zero-rated for VAT proposes so there is no VAT to deduct from the prices quoted on our website. All of our orders are sent "DDU" (Delivered Duty Unpaid).
Therefore all of our shipments to the EU will be held by the relevant customs authority until the customer pays any VAT that is due. We understand that if no payment is received by the relevant customs authority after 30 days, the package will be either returned or destroyed. Rail-Books will not be liable for any loss resulting from the destruction or return of goods where VAT has not been paid.
We recommend that customers in the EU follow the tracking data supplied to them once we dispatch your parcel and. once the parcel is showing as arriving in the destination country, make contact with either the postal or customs authorities to pay the appropriate amounts of tax/duty.
Updated: 1 July 2021